The Fed is comprised of 12 Federal Reserve banks located in regions around the United States. In the 12th District, the Seattle Branch serves Alaska, and the San Francisco Bank serves Hawaii. But how does the Fed tell if the economy is running a bit too hot? The Federal Reserve Banks are also responsible for setting the discount rate for banks upon approval from another Fed branch, which influences overall interest rates for consumers. The Federal Reserve officially identifies Districts by number and Reserve Bank city. One of the more mysterious areas of the economy is the role of the Fed. What does the Federal Reserve do? The Board consists of seven members—nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate—who each serve 14-year terms, all of which are staggered. The Federal Reserve is a government agency that regulates the American financial system and, by extension, the broader economy. What does the Fed actually do? The 10th edition of The Federal Reserve System Purposes & Functions details the structure, responsibilities, and aims of the U.S. central banking system. Formally known as the Federal Reserve, the Fed is the gatekeeper of the U.S. economy.It is the central bank of the United States -- it is the bank of banks and the bank of the U.S. government. On the one hand, this is no surprise, given how the Fed was set up in 1913. The Federal Reserve System was created by Congress in 1913. The Federal Reserve, as America's central bank, is responsible for controlling the money supply of the U.S. dollar. The Fed is an independent organization, not a political one, but it is overseen by Congress, and the president appoints its leader, the chair of the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve Board of Governors is the governing body that guides the U.S. central bank. The Fed controls the availability of fuel, basically by manipulating the price, and it dictates the permissible uses of fuel. The Fed creates money through open … The Fed regulates financial institutions, manages the nation's money and influences the economy. Three of the directors are elected by the commercial banks in the Bank's region that are members of the Federal Reserve System. The banks of the Fed carry out the day-to-day operations and policies of the Fed. Still, as Ben Bernanke and Janet Yellen, both former Fed chairs and now our colleagues at the Hutchins Center, outlined recently in the Financial Times, there is more that the Fed could do… Federal Reserve Banks Each Reserve Bank is headed by a president appointed by the Bank's nine-member board of directors. A new … By looking at inflation. Ultimately, the Fed’s goal is to keep Americans employed and help the economy boom at a healthy rate, while also steering clear of big busts. Think of the financial system as an engine. 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